Eurozone and UK enterprise exercise slows sharply as lockdowns take toll


Enterprise exercise has dropped sharply within the eurozone and the UK within the newest signal that tighter restrictions to comprise rising coronavirus infections are dragging economies in the direction of a double-dip recession.

A key eurozone survey of firms confirmed a majority of companies reporting contracting exercise for the third consecutive month whereas the equal UK index dropped to its lowest degree since Could.

The information underscored the darkening outlook for European economies, that are prone to shrink once more due to renewed lockdowns following recessions within the first half of 2020 when the pandemic took maintain.

It additionally triggered a sell-off in fairness markets with the Stoxx Europe 600 index falling 1.1 per cent and the FTSE 100 dropping 0.7 per cent in morning buying and selling.

The IHS Markit flash composite buying managers’ index for the eurozone, a widely-watched indicator, dropped 1.6 factors to 47.5 in January, staying under the 50 threshold that separates enlargement and contraction.

“A double-dip recession for the eurozone economic system is wanting more and more inevitable as tighter Covid-19 restrictions took an additional toll on companies in January,” mentioned Chris Williamson, chief enterprise economist at IHS Markit.

The prospects for the eurozone economic system have worsened since a number of international locations together with Germany and the Netherlands tightened lockdowns in current weeks in response to a resurgence of the virus.

Within the UK, the flash IHS Markit/Cips composite buying managers’ index fell to 40.6 in January, the bottom studying in eight months and effectively under the 45.5 degree forecast by economists polled by Reuters. It was additionally the third consecutive studying under 50.

Samuel Tombs, chief UK economist at consultancy Pantheon Macroeconomics, mentioned the January PMI figures “present extra proof that the present lockdown has broken the economic system greater than November’s light-touch selection”.

He warned that because the PMI excludes exercise within the retail and public sectors, the closure of faculties and the cancellation of non-Covid-19 work by hospitals “will moreover depress GDP”.

Economists additionally mentioned the disruption to UK commerce after the tip of the post-Brexit transition interval on December 31 and wider issues at ports weighed on exercise.

Line chart of Flash eurozone composite purchasing managers' output index (below 50 = majority of respondents reported contraction in activity) showing Lockdowns cause fresh eurozone business downturn

The information highlighted the pandemic’s two-speed financial influence because the providers sector in each the UK and the eurozone was hit a lot tougher by the contemporary virus curbs than manufacturing.

The UK buying managers’ index for providers fell to 38.8 in January in contrast with 49.4 in December. The downturn dragged the composite index decrease as a result of providers — which embrace pubs and eating places shut due to Covid-19 — account for about 80 per cent of the UK economic system.

Within the eurozone the providers sector PMI fell 1.4 factors to 45 in January, however the manufacturing PMI dropped lower than anticipated to 54.7, down from 55.2 within the earlier month however nonetheless in expansionary territory.

Sentiment about future prospects “cooled barely within the service sector” however optimism amongst producers elevated to a three-year excessive, IHS Markit mentioned.

Phil Smith, affiliate director at IHS, mentioned producers in Germany — the area’s largest economic system — “are seemingly undeterred by the rising troubles on the provision facet”.

Nevertheless, there have been destructive indicators elsewhere within the eurozone manufacturing sector. “The speed of manufacturing unit output progress weakened to the slowest because the restoration started,” IHS Markit mentioned, whereas the current sharp increase in container delivery prices between Asia and Europe induced the largest bounce in manufacturing enter prices for nearly three years.

The flash PMIs, printed about 10 days earlier than the ultimate figures and based mostly on about 85 per cent of typical responses, are the earliest complete indicator of the financial influence of the brand new restrictions.

Jessica Hinds, economist at Capital Economics, mentioned the information meant the eurozone economic system would “begin 2021 firmly on the again foot”, including that the outlook for the remainder of the yr “hinges on the tempo of the so-far gradual vaccine rollout; extra delays will solely postpone the restoration”.

Nevertheless, Christoph Weil, an economist at Commerzbank, mentioned the survey outcomes “verify our view that the recession within the euro space shall be a lot milder within the winter half-year 2020-21 than within the spring 2020”.

The European Central Financial institution printed its quarterly survey of forecasters on Friday, discovering lots of them had minimize their forecasts for eurozone progress this yr by a mean of 0.9 proportion factors to 4.4 per cent — however their common forecasts for subsequent yr rose 1.1 factors to three.7 per cent.


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