Unique: GM warns labor unrest making South Korea untenable


© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: A employee checks automobiles made by GM Korea in a yard of GM Korea’s Bupyeong plant in Incheon

By Ben Klayman and Heekyong Yang

DETROIT/SEOUL (Reuters) – Basic Motors Co (N:) has issued its strongest warning but that persistent industrial unrest finally might drive it out of South Korea, simply two years after it obtained a state-backed rescue package deal to remain within the nation.

GM employees have been staging two, four-hour strikes day by day since Oct. 30 as they demand an finish to a wage freeze put in place after the 2018 deal that saved the Korean operations from chapter.

The strikes and different industrial motion have value the corporate 17,000 automobiles in misplaced manufacturing, a quantity that may hit 20,000 by the top of the week, Steve Kiefer, president of GM’s worldwide operations, advised Reuters.

That blow to manufacturing was on high of the 60,000 items misplaced earlier within the 12 months in the course of the coronavirus pandemic, making it probably GM Korea wouldn’t flip a revenue this 12 months except it might recapture that output, he added.

“We’re principally being held hostage within the brief time period by lack of auto manufacturing,” Kiefer mentioned in a phone interview. “That is having a really important short-term monetary influence.”

The commercial actions would “principally make it not possible for us to allocate any additional investments or … new merchandise to the nation of Korea. It is making the nation non-competitive,” he mentioned.

“It’ll have long-term results if we won’t get this resolved within the coming weeks.”

GM builds as many as 500,000 automobiles a 12 months in South Korea, transport many to america together with the favored Chevrolet Trailblazer SUV. The automaker employs about 12,000 individuals within the nation.

GM administration desires a two-year labor deal as an alternative of the same old one-year settlement, and have provided union members a signing bonus of 8 million received ($7,230) every for 2020 and 2021.

The union, nevertheless, desires to stay to a one-year deal and yearly efficiency bonus of twenty-two million received every, in addition to continued operation at each vegetation in Bupyeong.

“We’re not solely putting over wage points, but in addition over job safety at our No. 2 plant in Bupyeong, which hires about 1,200 employees,” union official Jung Jai-heon mentioned.

The edges have failed to achieve a deal after 24 rounds of negotiations.

Some present and former subcontract employees are additionally demanding to be employed as full-time employees with the identical pay and advantages, doubtlessly costing GM Korea about $320 million.

Authorities officers had been unavailable to remark however the Korea Improvement Financial institution, GM Korea’s second-largest shareholder, referred to as on each side to make concessions.

GM Korea reported an working lack of 332 billion received ($300.8 million) in 2019, trimming a lack of 615 billion received a 12 months earlier.


Confronted with low manufacturing charges and poor gross sales, GM agreed on a rescue package deal price $7.15 billion from the South Korean authorities in 2018. Below the phrases of the binding deal, GM can not exit its funding within the nation for 10 years.

Whereas it could be arduous to stop South Korea within the brief time period, the long-term future was doubtful, Kiefer mentioned.

GM would abide by any previous agreements, together with plans to construct a 2023 Chevrolet crossover in Korea, however even spending on that program had been suspended because of the strikes.

“We would like to make this mannequin work … however as of now, we’re shedding confidence that we’re going to have the ability to proceed to put money into that nation,” Kiefer mentioned.

GM had different choices in Asia together with China, the place it at the moment constructed almost 5 million automobiles a 12 months, he mentioned.

($1 = 1,103.6000 received)


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